In 2016, the Global Power City Index report, which compares 42 cities, awarded Barcelona 20th place in the world ranking and 10th spot in the European global competitiveness ranking, meaning the city improved by six and two positions, respectively, compared to 2015. The ranking was headed by London, New York, Tokyo and Paris, with Barcelona obtaining an overall score similar to those of Toronto and Copenhagen, but above Chicago, Geneva and Milan.
Since 2008, Japan’s Mori Memorial Foundation –along with the participation of universities and prestigious think tanks- has produced a synthesis index called the Global Power City Index based on the results of 70 indicators in six categories according to areas of urban competitiveness. In 2016, Barcelona is among the top five cities in the world in terms of the category livability, whilst improving on other categories like cultural interaction (taking 10th position), research and development and the environment (jumping from 31st to 26th position in both cases), and maintaining its position in the categories accessibility and economy (14th and 36th respectively).
In the survey on stakeholders, visitors and artists put Barcelona in 7th and 6th position respectively. However, for residents, researchers and managers it came in 18th, 27th and 30th respectively.